How to Solve One of Your Disks Needs to Be Checked for Consistency

Last Updated: 2022-01-17

概要: In this article, we will introduce you to some of the easiest procedures to resolve one of your disks needs to be checked for consistency issues and recover all your essential data using a reliable data recovery program.

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Many Windows users face this issue when starting their computer system. The system starts normally, but all of a sudden, a black screen appears in front with the message saying that one of your disks needs to be checked for consistency. The actual message is as shown below.

One of Your Disks Needs to Be Checked for Consistency

Almost all of the users chose to cancel this disk check because they had completely no idea what’s happening with the computer. However, don’t press any key while the countdown is going, or else the disk check operation will not occur. But if you reboot your computer, you will get the same error message again as your system believes that the drive needs to be checked and scanned again. If you do not press any key, the disk check will start automatically.

Why Does the Issue Take Place?

Below are some of the causes of this concern:

  • Improper system shutdown
  • Power outage
  • Improper removal of USB disk
  • Operating system errors

Solutions to One of Your Disks Needs to Be Checked for Consistency

Solution 1: Run CHKDSK

It’s always recommended that when you encounter the error message asking you to allow the disk check, you should not skip it. But if the process is skipped, users can choose a manual disk check by running CHKDSK from an Elevated Command Prompt, which is an elevated version of the command prompt and grants users full rights. Use the following steps to do so.

步驟1: Press Win + R to open the Run box.

Step 2: Type in CMD and press CTRL + Shift + Enter to open an Elevated Command Prompt.

Step 3: Inside the new window, type in the following command and press .

chkdsk /r


Step 4: Wait for the process to finish and reboot the computer.

Solution 2: Test the Hard Drive With the Diagnostic Tool

It’s reported that the disk check might fail to tackle certain hard drive problems. Hence, if the preceding solution doesn’t work, you can download and install the diagnostic tool offered by the manufacturer of your hard drive.

步驟1: Go to the manufacturer’s website of your hard drive to look for the diagnostic tool. On finding the diagnostic tool, perform a thorough scan of your disk.

Step 2: Now, run this tool from your system and right-click on the disk, which is to be tested, followed by choosing the option “Verify or Repair Bad Sectors”.

Step 3: After this, click on the start Verify button to start scanning for the bad sectors.

Solution 3: Disable Automatic Disk Check via Registry Editor

Generally, if the disk checking is complete and your computer reboots in a perfect state, the error message shouldn’t pop up again. However, if it does happen again and you are sure that your disk is perfectly healthy, you can disable the automatic disk check option via Registry Editor.

Before applying this solution, it’s recommended to create a backup of the registry in case anything goes wrong. Any deviation from the suggested steps can modify the registry incorrectly. Follow the below steps to prevent making any errors.

步驟1: Press Windows + Q, type in Registry Editor, right-click it, and select Run As Administrator

Step 2: Now, expand the following keys on the left side of the registry:

“HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager”

Step 3: On the right panel, find BootExecute and double-click on it. After this, you will see the default value of autocheck is set as autochk*. This implies that all the drives have been checked for consistency. To disable this auto-check, you need to change the value to  “autocheck autochk /k:C”.

Disable Automatic Disk Check via Registry Editor

Solution 4: Run Fsutil Dirty Query Command

Though this solution may not be used as widely and frequently as those previous ones, some users have reported that they fixed one of your disks needs to be checked for consistency error by running the command. Fsutil.exe is a utility that helps users manage the settings of several file systems on Windows operation systems. Refer to the following steps to learn how to use it.

步驟1: Right-click on the Start Menu button and then select Command Prompt (Admin).

Step 2: Type in the following command and then press . (Replace the letter X with the problematic drive letter of your computer.)

fsutil dirty query X

Run Fsutil Dirty Query Command

Step 3: If the window shows that the disk drive is dirty. Type in the following command: chkdsk X: /f /x and press enter. Remember to replace the letter X.

Step 4: If the prompt shows the disk drive is not dirty, you can simply close the Command Prompt.

Solution 5: Use Disk Defragment

Disk Defragment, one of those powerful built-in tools offered by Windows, is used by many users to garner and reorganize related but scattered data so that they can be put together in a continuous way that frees up drive space. It’s said that this method has addressed one of your disks needs to be checked for consistency issues.

步驟1: Press Win + E to open File Explorer.

Step 2: Right-click on the faulty drive and then select 屬性.

Step 3: Switch to the 在線工具 tab and then click on the Optimize button.

Step 4: Select the drive you want to optimize in the Optimize Drives 窗戶。

Use Disk Defragment

Step 5: Click on the Optimize 按鈕。

Solution 6: Format

Formatting is an effective way to repair a drive, but the result is costly. The entire data on the drive will be wiped out. So, before you use this solution, you should transfer your files on the faulty drive to other safe disks.

Step 1: Press Win + E to open the File Explorer.

Step 2: Right-click on the faulty drive and then choose Format.

Step 3: Select a file system and then click on Start.


Step 4: Click on Yes in the warning message box.

Recover Data Using Bitwar Data Recovery

If the disk check happens to inadvertently delete some important files, you may need a reliable data recovery tool to help you rescue them. We suggest using Bitwar Data Recovery software as it is capable of recovering any data such as images, videos, audios, excels, and doc, etc. from any internal, external storage devices, USB flash drives, SD memory cards and so on.

步驟1: Download the Bitwar 檔案救援 tool from the official website.

Step 2: Then, launch the recovery software, select the drive from where you want to recover data, and then press on the 下一個 按鈕。

main interface

Step 3: Now, select the scan mode. We recommend 快速掃描, in which the whole disk can be scanned in a few minutes. However, if this scan mode doesn’t work on the drive, you can try 深層掃描 next time.

scan mode

Step 4: After this, select the file types you wish to recover and then press the 下一個按鈕。

file types

Step 5: Now, preview all the selected files/data.


Step 6: At last, click on the “恢復” button to initiate the data recovery process.

Note: Once after successful completion of the data recovery process, save the recovered data at some safe location. Avoid saving the data back to the faulty drive.


One of your disks needs to be checked for consistency issues don’t allow you to access your system, and as a result, a black screen appears in front of you. This issue would not go away until you fix it. Some reasons for this issue are unsafe removal of the drive, power outage, and problems with the operating system.

The solutions laid out in this article should help you resolve this problem. However, applying these solutions may lead to data loss. Therefore, it is recommended to recover all your data using Bitwar 數據恢復軟件 as it is easy to use, quick, and offers 100% clean recovery results.



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